Proshansky, H.M. (1987). "The field of environmental psychology: securing its future.". In D. Stokols and I. Altman.. 'Handbook of environmental psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.. pp. 1467–1488. ISBN 0471630179. http://books.google.com/books?id=IZd9AAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
I think that environmental psychology is basically the study of how human’s react in different environments. Scientists can use this study to see how moods, appetites, feelings, health, and the overall state of a human are affected when changes occur in the environment. Such as when the seasons change, or the weather change, or were an individual lives changes. The field of Environmental Psychology is broad and can be broken down into different categories those being Place identity, place attachment, environmental consciousness, and Behavior settings. All these play a role in how a certain person will feel. Psychology in retrospect really is a study that defines why and how a person feels and does certain things. Now when the environment is intertwined in this study it throws sort of a curve ball because the Environment really does affect ones psyche. Placement of buildings, certain architecture, personal space, and the behavior of surrounding individuals is what most scholars study when in this field.
“ As a person interacts with various places and spaces, he/she is able to evaluate which properties in different environments fulfill his/her various needs. When a place contains components that satisfy a person biologically, socially, psychologically and/or culturally, it creates the environmental past of a person. Through ‘good’ or ‘bad’ experiences with a place, a person is then able to reflect and define their personal values, attitudes, feelings and beliefs about the physical world.” (Harold Proshansky)
Place Attachment:“Place attachment, is denned as one’s emotional or affective ties to a place, and is generally thought to be the result of a long-term connection with a certain environment. This is different from a simple aesthetic response such as saying a certain place is special because it is beautiful. For example, one can have an emotional response to a beautiful (or ugly) landscape or place, but this response may sometimes be shallow and ﬂeeting. This distinction is one that Schroeder (1991) labeled “meaning versus preference”. According to Schroeder (1991) the definition of “meaning” is “the thoughts, feelings, memories and interpretations evoked by a landscape”; where as “preference” is “the degree of liking for one landscape compared to another”. For a deeper and lasting emotional attachment to develop (Or in Schroeder’s terms, for it to have meaning) an enduring relationship with a place is usually a critical factor.”
References Smaldone, D. (2007). The role of time in place attachment. Proceedings of the 2006 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium, P-14. Newtown Square, PA: Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station
Environmental Consciousness:“Environmental cognition (involved in human cognition) plays a crucial role in environmental perception. Environmental judgment is made by the orbitofrontal cortex in the brain. Because of the recent concern with the environment environmental consciousness or awareness has come to be related to the growth and development of understanding and consciousness toward the biophysical environment and its problems.”
Works CitedReferences Smaldone, D. (2007). The role of time in place attachment. Proceedings of the 2006 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium, P-14. Newtown Square, PA: Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station
Proshansky, H.M. (1987). "The field of environmental psychology: securing its future.". In D. Stokols and I. Altman.. 'Handbook of environmental psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.. pp. 1467–1488. ISBN 0471630179. http://books.google.com/books?id=IZd9AAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 28 May 2011
Proshansky, Harold, Abbe Fabian and Robert Kaminoff. Place Identity: Physical World Socialization of the Self. Journal of Environmental Psychology (1983): 57-83
Rivlin, L.G. (1990). "Paths towards environmental consciousness." In Altman, I., Christensen, K. (Eds.). 'Environment and Behavior Studies: Emergence of Intellectual Traditions,' pp. 169–185. NY: Plenum.
Barker, Roger Garlock (1968). "Ecological Psychology: Concepts and Methods for Studying the Environment of Human Behavior."
Gifford, R. (2007). Environmental Psychology: Principles and Practice (4th ed.). Colville, WA: Optimal Books
Stokols, D. and I. Altman [Eds.] (1987). Handbook of Environmental Psychology. New York: Wiley